Petra is in southern Jordan and it is a historic and archeological city also known as Raqmu. It is also in Jordan’s southwestern desert. Petra is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. The total area of Petra is 264km x km and it was built in the early 5th century BC. The English name of Petra is “stone, rock”. Petra city is lies around Jabal Al Madbah, surrounded by mountains that form the eastern flank of the Arabah valley which runs from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra can be accessed via a narrow canyon called Al Siq and it contains tombs and temples carved into pink sandstone cliffs, earning its nickname as the “ Rose City”. Its all stones have been carved in pink color. Petra’s most famous structure is 45 meters high Al Khazneh temple with an ornate, Greek-style façade and it’s a treasury to Petra. UNESCO has listed Petra as a World Heritage site in 1985 and described it as one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage. By a vote of 100 million people, Petra was becoming one of the seven wonders of the world in 2007.
There were some people called “ Nabataeans” the nomadic Arabs who built Petra and were settled in the 4th century and then Petra became their kingdom, but before that, the area around Petra has been inhabited in early 7000BC. Petra has been invested in trade routes by Nabataeans establishing it as a major regional trading hub. According to new studies, the famous stone hewn city of Petra was built because then the sun would illuminate their sacred places like celestial spotlights. According to Petra history, the Prophet Aaron’s dead body was buried on the summit of the mountain in Petra. The total time taken to walk around Petra from the entrance is 30 minutes and it is 2 kilometers long to the treasury.
Petra was a great religious city since ancient times. After that Nabataeans built some tombs, temples, altars, and sanctuaries to their Gods but in the last years, Petra was the home of at least one Byzantine church. Petra gallery is inclusive of The Obelisk Tomb, Qasr al Bint, The Hadrian Gate, The Garden Temple, The Colored Triclinium, The Um Tomb, etc. The official currency in Petra Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar, but Pounds, American Dollars and Euros currencies can be exchanged in Jordan.
Since Petra is the safest city to visit, there are no travel barriers involved. US State Department and British Foreign Office have not issued travel advice against visiting anywhere else in the vicinity of Petra, but they have issued travel advice against visiting the border with Syria and Iraq. There are two religions involve with Petra namely Christendom and an earlier form of Arab polytheism practiced by Nabataean.
Women should wear t-shirts or long sleeve tops over the tank tops and longer tunic style tops to cover tighter pants or leggings. People who are visiting this place strictly adhere to wear all covered clothes. Overall Petra is a worth visiting place according to the budget of travelers all over the world.
Weather in Petra
Since Petra is having a mild and dry climate throughout the year, it has an average temperature between 8.5C to 26.5C. Petra is having hot in summertime and semi-cold in wintertime. It gets most rainfalls in the winter months and especially in December. January and February also rainy seasons in Petra and some days there can be seen some snow falling. There are 22 rainfall days in Petra throughout the year with rainfall of 86mm.
Therefore, the best time to visit Petra is during the spring and autumn. That is April, May, October, and November. Within this period the weather is dry, not too hot and the crowds are smaller.
According to Petra culture, it is containing literature, plays, films, television, music, and music videos, and video games. In literature, Petra appeared in the novels The Eagle in the sand, The red sea sharks, The adventures of Tin Tin, and The Moon Goddess and the Son. And played a prominent role in the Marcus Didius Falco mystery novel. Petra appeared in some main films such as Arabian Nights, Passion in the Desert, Mortal Kombat, The Mummy Returns, Krrish 3, etc. Petra city was the focus of an American PBS Nova special television drama of “ Petra: Lost city of Stones”. In music role, Petra appeared in the video for the Urban Species single “ Spiritual Love” in 1994. In the video games, Petra appears as a free-play map in the video game Overwatch.
The airport in Petra Jordan
There is a domestic airport in Petra called Sultan Ismail Petra Airport. The closest international airport to Petra is King Hussain International Airport. Some of the major airlines such as Jordan Aviation, Nordwind Airlines, Finnair, Amman Meridiana fly to this airport. But to get to Petra, the visitor has to travel to Queen Alia International Airport which is located 30 minutes from Amman city, and then go by land to Petra and it will take three hours by car or by public transport bus called JETT bus.
Tourism in Petra Jordan
Tourism-wise, Petra is a world-famous tourist destination. Over 1 million people visited last year and 80% of them were from foreign countries. There are many international standards hotels available in Petra for visitors as well as with reasonably short walking access to Petra. Some visitors have hiked or raced across Jordan’s southern desert to get to Petra.