Fernando de Noronha, Brazil
Fernando de Noronha (Fernando Bay) is situated in Brazil and also in the Atlantic Ocean. It is a volcanic archipelago about 350 kilometers off Brazil’s northeast coast. It is also in Pemambuko state in Brazil. Fernando de Noronha founded on 10th August 1503 by Amerigo Vespucci. The total area of this city is 26km x km and the total population is 3101. Within this area, the main city has 21 islands and islets and also rocks of volcanic origin. Some of the islands are Rata, Sela, Gineta, Cabeluda and Sao Jose and some islets are Leao, Viuva etc. The highest point of the main island is called Quixaba.
The main language is Portuguese and the official currency is Brazilian Real, and most of the people are Catholicism.
Safe-wise, Fernando bay is the most- safest beach destination in the world. But all safety concerns to Brazil do not apply to this city. Fernando de Noronha is a Portuguese name and Noronha is a family name that is found among some aristocratic families in Portugal. The family name of Noronha is tracing its origins to Portugal also the name is mainly found in areas such as Brazil, India, Mozambique, Angola, and Macau, as those were colonized by the Portuguese. The best time to visit Fernando bay is between July and October because it is the best time for surfing and diving in the turquoise waters. It is having New Year and Carnival in February and hotels are booked up well in advance and the sea is also rough.
These islands in Brazil are administratively unique. UNESCO has designated Fernando de Noronha as a world heritage site in 2001, because of the importance of its environment. Also, its time zone is UTC- 02.00 all year round.
There are 15 possible endemic plant species that have been listed by the United Nations Environment Program and some of them are 2 species of genera Capparis Noronha, 3 species of Ceratosanthes Noronha, 2 species of Cayaponia Noronha, Moriordica Noronha, Cereus Noronha, etc. Fernando de Noronha island have two endemic birds called, Noronha elaenia and Noronha vireo. Both birds can be seen on the main island and Noronha vireo mostly can be seen on Rata island. In apart to this, there is an endemic subspecies of an eared dove, endemic seabirds called sigmodontine rodent and two endemic reptiles namely Noronha worm lizard and Noronha skink can be seen in these islands. When we look at the Marine life in Fernando bay, the life above and below the sea is the main attraction of the island. There are some sea turtles, cetaceans (some dolphins and whales) and albatrosses and many other species frequently can be seen in the islands.
Fernando de Noronha is having a tropical wet and dry climate. It has two defined seasons as rainfall and temperature. The city is normally hot, oppressive, windy, and partly cloudy. The temperature varies from 77F to 86F throughout the year and rarely goes down to 75F and above 89F. From February to July, it has the rainy season and the rest of the year sees little rain. From August to January, it has the dry season. Therefore, the best time to visit Fernando De Noronha is in the dry season means, from August to January.
Fernando de Noronha’s tourism is mostly involved with its beaches and these beaches are with recreational diving. The most popular diving areas are Baia do Sancho, Pig Bay, Dolphins Bay, Sunset Bay, and Praia do Leao. The south equatorial current pushes warm water from Africa to this Island can cause it to dive up to depths of 30 to 40 meters and not requiring a wet suit. Also, the underwater visibility is 50 meters long. The part of Fernando bay facing the Atlantic Ocean has three beaches namely, Praia do Leao, Praia do Sueste, and Praia do Atalaia. Also, the part of the Fernando de Noronha facing the mainland has some tourist beaches such as, Baia do Sancho, Baia dos Porcos, Praia da Cacimba do Padre, Praia dos Americanos etc.
Airport in Fernando de Noronha
Fernando de Noronha airport is called, Governador Carlos Wilson Airport and it is serving all air transport on the island. It is located 4 kilometers away from Villa dos Remedies, the administrative center of the island. The airport destinations are Recife, Natal, Sao Paulo, Rio De Janeiro, Salvador and Aracaju. The airlines arriving at the airport are Azul Brazilian Airline and Gol Transporters Aereos. How the way to get to Fernando de Noronha is, first fly into the main airports such as Rio De Janeiro, Sao Paulo and then take the domestic flight to the island.
Fernando de Noronha’s major economy is tourism including dolphin watching, diving, and charter fishing comprise. In 2005 it has a gross domestic product of R$ 22,802,000 and per capita income of R$ 10,001. There are two banking centers namely, Banco Santander Brazil and Banco Bradesco situated on this island.